Seen but Not Heard

Strengthening Nonprofit Advocacy

Gary D. Bass, David F. Arons, Kay Guinane, and Matthew F. Carter

2008, 271 pages. The Aspen Institute, One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 700, Washington, D.C., 20036, (202) 736-5800,

This book is a comprehensive analysis of the results of the Strengthening Nonprofit Advocacy Project, a joint research effort of OMB Watch, Tufts University, and the Center for Lobbying in the Public Interest. It calls on foundations to create initiatives for advocacy activities, increase their use of general operating grants and remove language restricting lobbying from grant letters.